Sugar is essential for your body, being 60% of it directed to the brain as “fuel.” Whether you are healthy or not, your levels will vary during the day, every day.
If you have a predisposition to diabetes or are already suffering from the disease, you should know everything about sugar levels, information that could save your life.
Let’s know the sugar levels explained briefly.
1. How blood sugar works
Sugar and carbohydrates are digested quickly. Once they enter the body, digestion begins, which consists of reducing the molecules of these simple or complex carbohydrates, to their smallest unit: glucose.
Glucose is the unit that is measured when sugar levels are determined. 15 or 30 minutes after being ingested we will find the carbohydrate in the form of glucose in the bloodstream.
Once you enter, the pancreas, gland behind the liver attached to your back, secretes insulin responsible for transporting this glucose to each cell in your body.
The sugar you don’t use will not be eliminated. It will be stored in the form of fat that will accumulate on your hips, waist, thighs, and buttocks, for the body to use as energy during periods of prolonged fasting.
2. What blood sugar levels are healthy?
There are blood sugar levels considered healthy or “normal.” To establish its measurement it has been standardized to make fasting measurements (after 8 hours without eating food or drinks) and 2 hours after the meal, to see the response of the pancreas and your organism in general.
Normal fasting blood glucose should be between 70 and 99 mg/dl. Below 70 mg/dl is called hypoglycemia that will cause low blood pressure, lack of energy and drowsiness. Above 99 mg/dl is called hyperglycemia that can cause a lack of appetite, nausea and other symptoms.
At 2 hours after eating, figures below 140 mg/dl have been established as normal levels.
Frequent intake of foods rich in carbohydrates and fats causes the alteration of these values and may predispose to diabetes and other diseases.
Healthy meals rich in vegetables and fruits, added to daily exercise, ensure the maintenance of healthy levels consistently.