Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition characterized by muscle pain and tenderness and fatigue. A disorder that progresses without you noticing it also causing disturbances of memory, sleep, and mood.
Medicine does not yet have how to establish the diagnosis of this disease. What is practiced is a discard with confirmatory studies.
It is important that you know the symptoms of fibromyalgia so that you are able to recognize if you or someone close to you suffer it. With this, you can take measures that prevent its progression and treat it properly.
1. Difficulty sleeping
75% of people with the disorder have difficulty sleeping, so perhaps this is the first symptom of all.
The characteristic is that the person has difficulty falling asleep and when he succeeds, he rarely gets a deep sleep. You can wake up several times during the night with a feeling of not having rested or being more exhausted than you were before going to bed.
A frequent companion of difficulty sleeping is sleep apnea, a disorder that interrupts breathing for a short time during the night. When the person finally manages to fall asleep, the apnea awakens her.
Sleep apnea causes insufficiency of oxygen in the brain that contributes to the feeling of tiredness, also causing hypertension, stroke, diabetes, and even heart failure.
2. Difficulty concentrating
Not sleeping well will have consequences during the day, one of them, drowsiness and poor concentration.
Difficulty concentrating can add to anxiety and excessive worry, causing a generalized anxiety disorder, a condition that must be properly treated because it can further aggravate fibromyalgia.
Good students begin to lower their grades and adults with work stop fulfilling their commitments and activities.
In both cases, elements that feed the greater development of fibromyalgia and anxiety are generated.
3. Memory loss
Memory loss could manifest itself as the picture progresses further. You will not stop remembering great things, what you will begin to forget will be the details.
To the “mental slowness” that had been developing can be added periods of “mental fog” known as fibro-mists, variable lapses that the person does not remember.
Realizing what is happening increases the person’s anxiety levels, unconsciously deepening the whole picture.
There are those who have difficulty learning new information, developing new tasks or changing the way they did them.
4. Extreme fatigue
The symptom that causes the patient to attend a medical consultation and that added to the pain invites the doctor to think about the diagnosis of fibromyalgia.
Fibromyalgia should be considered in a previously healthy person in which various causes of chronic fatigue (mononucleosis, viral diseases, and other non-infectious diseases) are ruled out.
Extreme fatigue can interfere with your social and work activity. It is characterized by manifesting in the morning after waking up. The person has a “flu” feeling without any other accompanying symptoms that explain it.
Fatigue that happens in this way increases anxiety levels and can lead to depression, contributing to the downward spiral of the disease.
5. Painful points
Pain is the most characteristic of fibromyalgia with episodes of crisis that can prostrate you in bed. You can wake up one day with a pain that will prevent you from getting up and very tired (fatigue), without explanation.
Although the doctor will identify that there is deep pain near the joints, examinations and studies will be normal, ruling out rheumatic diseases such as arthritis or another.
The American College of Rheumatology established 18 painful points that should be explored. To make the diagnosis of fibromyalgia, positive 11 of these 18 must be found.
6. Chronic headaches
Lack of sleep, anxiety, difficulty concentrating and fatigue condition the contraction of some muscles, some of them, those of the neck. Many of these are born in the skull and their permanent contraction causes contractile headaches.
Although not all headaches or chronic migraines are fibromyalgia, they can simulate them and make them part of the general picture. To this is added the lack of oxygenation during the periods of apnea that perpetuate the problem.
The diagnosis is confirmed when the pain ceases with muscle relaxants.
7. Very painful menstrual periods
Some women attribute painful menstrual periods (dysmenorrhea) to a family problem, but excessive dysmenorrhea may be a consequence of fibromyalgia, a condition that is 10 times more frequent in women than in men.
Fatigue and pain points increase during painful menstrual periods, incapacitating the woman and forcing her to remain in bed, an additional factor that contributes to the manifestation, persistence and deepening of anxiety.
If you know that once a month you will have those terrible pains, you can easily develop a generalized anxiety disorder or depression.
8. Myofascial pain syndrome
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is the pain and inflammation of the tissues of a muscle group or region. It may be the first manifestation of fibromyalgia.
Perhaps your pain in a muscle group was attributed to a pull or tear treated by the doctor. However, this reappears and it is essential to rule out the presence of fibromyalgia.
Physical therapy with stretching and massaging muscle groups, coupled with pain relievers and painkillers, quickly improves the problem.
9. Restless legs syndrome
“Kicking” during the night is the way in which restless legs syndrome (SPI) is manifested and another way to recognize fibromyalgia. Although having it does not mean that you necessarily have the disorder, there is a high probability.
At the level of the nerves of the lower limbs, there is a disorder that “forces” them to move during sleep.
As part of the SPI, it has been described that it produces a burning, dragging or pulling sensation of the limbs, which can additionally cause pain.
10. Irritable bowel syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal condition that causes abdominal pain, discomfort, constipation, and diarrhea, relatively common as another fibromyalgia companion.
In addition to the increased sensitivity of the muscles by fibromyalgia, the intestine is hypersensitive.
If you suffer from IBS, you may experience pain under the abdomen outside of menstrual periods and digestive problems (flatulence, heartburn, regurgitation, etc.).
In the case of IBS, cognitive behavioral therapy, exercises, and relaxation techniques are used to improve symptoms.
11. Temperature sensitivity
Temperature sensitivity is the inability to adapt to changes in temperature, while cold and/or hot stimuli are perceived with greater intensity, which can cause pain.
Your body has a set of nerves that detect temperature changes. It has been suggested that patients with this chronic condition have this type of additional nerves distributed in the hands, feet, and face, which explains why some people with fibromyalgia are more sensitive to temperature changes.
12. Sensitivity to loudness and light
The medicine still does not know the exact causes of sensitivity to light and loud noises in people with fibromyalgia, symptoms that are known as “generalized hypervigilance.”
Generalized hypervigilance means that your body is on high alert and is very sensitive to multiple types of stimuli, such as lights and sounds.
This condition can overwhelm people who suffer from it leading to stress and can cause high blood pressure. It is common that there is also tachycardia, tremors, sweating and irritability, symptoms that would add to those already mentioned in a person suffering from fibromyalgia.
13. Rigidity and/or numbness
The neurological symptoms associated with fibromyalgia can manifest as tingling, burning, stiffness or numbness throughout the body, Symptoms Of Fibromyalgia similar to those of myasthenia gravis and those of multiple sclerosis.
Medical studies showed that fibromyalgia patients have weaker arteries, resulting in less efficient blood circulation and thereby stiff muscles and numbness.
Stiffness can contribute to the tingling and burning sensation that people with fibromyalgia experience since it causes the muscles to press on the nerves.
Keep your muscles relaxed and improve your mobility with gentle stretching and low impact exercises.
Ossification is the process of cartilage or fibrous tissue that ossifies and turns into bone. It is very painful and can limit the range and range of movements.
In addition to being a symptom of fibromyalgia, it can also be a consequence of genetic damage, trauma, and injuries to your body.
The ossification is treated by resting the affected muscle, applying ice for 15 to 20 minutes, with relaxing massages in the area, raising the injured limb to drain excess fluid and gently stretching.
Anti-inflammatories and braces along with physical therapy can help.
Some changes in lifestyle favor improving cognitive functioning, including sleeping better and doing a moderate amount of exercise, in patients with fibromyalgia.
Making the necessary modifications to the medications in consultation with a doctor, not trying to perform multiple tasks, practicing meditation and relaxation, working on puzzles and learning memory, are tricks that will help you cope better with the disease.
A proper diet that limits red meat and animal fats and increases the consumption of plant foods, preferably organic, is very important.
We are sure that with this article we have helped you identify the symptoms of fibromyalgia. Do not keep what you have learned. Share it and comment on it.